Younger Avestan (formerly known as "Zend" or Old Bactrian, an East Iranian language) name of Zoroactrianism's demon of "wrath", "rage" and "fury".
Appearing in middle Persian as eshm or kheshm, then continuing in Pazend and New Persian as kashm. Adopted later into Hebrew mythology as Asmodeus. Has been recorded in history for at least three thousand years. Said to be a small hairy demon able to make men perform cruel acts. (Hebrew) devil of sensuality and luxury, originally 'creature of judgement'. He was the overseer of all the gambling houses in the court of Hell, and the general spreader of dissipation. In addition, Asmodeus was the demon of lust, responsible for stirring up matrimonial trouble.