(Hebrew) Destroyer, Advisor. Said to be chief of demons. Sometimes regarded as the destroying angel.
Abaddon, meaning "a place of destruction", "The Destroyer", "The depths of hell") in the Apocalypse of St. John is the king of the locusts torment and the angel of the abyss pit.The exact nature of Abaddon debate, but the Hebrew word relates to orally triliteral root meaning "perish."
In the Hebrew scriptures, Abaddon comes to mean "place of destruction", or the realm of the dead, and is associated with hell.
The Christian Scriptures contain the first known representation of Abaddon as a single entity, rather than a place. In the Book of Revelation 9:1-11, Abaddon is described as the king of the abyss, and a plague of locusts that look like war horses with human faces and crown have the women's hair, teeth, locusts' lions wings and tail of a scorpion.
Other theological works
The text of the Hymns of Thanksgiving, which was found in the Dead Sea Scrolls, speaks of "the grave of Abaddon" and "floods of Belial that erupted in Abaddon." The Biblical Antiquities attributed to Philo mentions Abaddon as a place (sheol, hell), not as a spirit or demon or an angel. In the 3rd century Acts of Thomas, Abaddon is the name of a demon or the devil himself. Abaddon has also been identified as the angel of death and destruction, demon of the abyss, and chief of the demons of the underworld hierarchy, where it is equated with Samael or Satan. In magic, Abaddon is often identified with the destroying angel of the Apocalypse.
Abaddon is also one of the compartments of Gehenna. By extension, it can mean an underworld abode of lost souls, or hell. In some legends, which is identified as a realm where the convicts are on fire and snow, one of the places in Hell that Moses visited.
In the tradition of the Coptic Church, Abbaton is the name given to the angel of death. Given particularly important roles in two sources, a sermon titled "The enthronement of Abbaton by Timothy of Alexandria, and the Apocalypse of Bartholomew. In the homily of Timothy, Abbaton was first named Muriel, and had been given by God the task of collecting the land that is used in the creation of Adam. Following this task, the angel was then called to be the tutor. Everyone, including angels, demons and physical entities, were afraid of him.Abbaton participate in prayer and finally obtained a promise that any man who was revered during his lifetime was the possibility of being saved.Abbaton also said to have a prominent role in the Last Judgement, as that will take souls to the Valley of Jehoshaphat. He is described in the Apocalypse of Bartholomew to be present at the Tomb of Jesus at the moment of his resurrection.
Identification of Abaddon
The symbolism of Revelation 9:11 leaves the exact identification of Abaddon open to interpretation.Some Bible scholars believe he is the Antichrist or Satan.
In the last witnesses of the Lord to share the idea that Abaddon was Satan. Jehovah's Witnesses view modern contrast, in the belief that Abaddon is a name given to Jesus.
Some theologians believe Abaddon to be just an angel. As the angel who holds the key to the bottomless pit in Revelation 9 and 20, Gustav Davidson, in a Dictionary of Angels including the fallen angels, writes:
In Revelation 20:2 he "laid hold of the dragon, that old serpent,
which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years".
According to the foregoing, Apollion is a holy (good) angel, servant,
and messenger of God; but in occult and, generally, in noncanonical
writings, he is evil.